CBG believes that attractive long term investment returns can be achieved through a disciplined investment process, using bottom-up fundamental analysis and with a focus on high quality companies.
We undertake a detailed investigative process and seek to understand the unique drivers of value for each company, then to identify opportunities where that intrinsic value is not reflected in the current stock price.
Investments are considered based on a time horizon of at least two to three years, enabling us to benefit from the shorter term focus of most institutional investors.
We look for a number of attributes that consistently apply to securities which produce attractive returns. In particular, a strong management team that is delivering on a robust strategy and generating value for shareholders; solid free cash flow; a strong competitive position; a supportive industry structure; strong balance sheet and attractive earnings or cash flow multiples relative to earnings risks and growth prospects.
CBG believes this approach to investing works because the market regularly displays pricing inefficiencies. Causes of market mispricing include: a focus on shorter investment timeframes by most institutional investors; crowding in the largest stocks by market capitalisation, with other stocks being less well researched, and emotional and cognitive biases of investors. For example, aversion to short term losses may lead investors to avoid stocks which have experienced short term volatility or to sell positions too early to avoid potentially giving up gains.
CBG undertakes a rigorous approach to stock selection and portfolio management. Ronni Chalmers, the Chief Investment Officer, has overall responsibility for the construction of the Portfolio and is supported by an investment team with research responsibilities assigned for specific industry sectors.
Investment decisions are driven by bottom-up stock analysis, overlaid with macro and industry level considerations.
Idea generation is a result of the continuous monitoring of stocks within each industry sector and screening the investment universe based on quantitative and qualitative attributes.
We seek to understand the unique drivers of value for each company. For example, an attractive industry structure or competitive advantage. This enables us to identify opportunities that would be missed by purely quantitative screening.
We also believe that it is important to understand the market assumptions underlying current stock prices and to make an independent assessment of fair value given our longer investment horizon relative to most investors.
CBG draws on a range of sources of information to assist this process, including regular meetings with company management and attendance at company presentations; analysis of company announcements; historical and forecast financial metrics for stocks in the investment universe; industry and other statistical data; news media and broker research.
When a stock is considered for investment, a detailed report is prepared including the analyst’s financial forecasts, price target and investment recommendation. Integral to this process is meetings with senior management of the subject company.
Investment recommendations are presented to and discussed by the investment team, with the Chief Investment Officer making final portfolio decisions.
Stocks included in the Portfolio are then subject to ongoing monitoring, with the team producing timely internal research reports and maintaining regular contact with the company.
If a stock reaches its price target or records a material share price decline, this triggers a review of the position.
Risk is managed through the rigorous selection and monitoring process and avoiding or minimising exposure to companies and sectors that do not meet our criteria around valuation and quality. Stock and sector portfolio weights are managed based on our analysis of the risk/return characteristics of the stock or sector and how that affects portfolio risk. We also use portfolio analytics tools to regularly monitor historical and forecast portfolio risk/return metrics.